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Impact of eHealth in Allergic Diseases and Allergic Patients

Alvarez-Perea A1,2, Sánchez-García S3,4, Muñoz Cano R4,5,6, Antolín-Amérigo D7,8, Tsilochristou O9, Stukus DR10

1Allergy Service. Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón. Madrid. Spain.
2Gregorio Marañón Health Research Institute. Madrid, Spain.
3Allergy Unit. Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús. Madrid. Spain.
4Spanish Research Network on Allergy (ARADyAL: Red Nacional de Alergia -Asma, Reacciones Adversas y Alérgicas-) of the Carlos III Health Institute. Madrid. Spain.
5Allergy Section. Pneumology Department. Hospital Clinic. University of Barcelona. Barcelona. Spain.
6Inmunoalergia respiratoria clinica y experimental (IRCE). Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS). Barcelona. Spain
7Allergy Department. Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal. Madrid. Spain.
8IRYCIS. Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria. Madrid. Spain.
9Peter Gorer Department of Immunobiology. School of Immunology & Microbial Sciences. King’s College London. London. United Kingdom.
10Nationwide Children’s Hospital and The Ohio State University College of Medicine. Columbus. Ohio. USA.

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2019; Vol. 29(2)
doi: 10.18176/jiaci.0354

The emergence of new technology grants allergists and patients the opportunity to compile data and receive feedback regarding key symptoms, risk behaviour and/or management. The term “eHealth” refers to a diverse group of tools that use computerized technologies to improve efficacy and efficiency of the health care industry.
eHealth comprises a variety of technologies, such as the use of mobile devices (mHealth) in medical care, including electronic diaries, wearable sensors or adherence monitoring; health informatics (e.g. electronic health records, computerized physician order entry, clinical decision support); telemedicine, which is the use of information and communication technologies for the management of diseases and medical education; social media platforms, and the analysis of information acquired through these platforms using “big data” technologies.
In this review, we summarize the evidence surrounding use of eHealth technology and relevance to allergic conditions.

Key words: Big Data, Ehealth, Mhealth, Social Media, Telemedicine