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Original Article


Allergenic cross-reactivity between Blomia tropicalis and Blomia kulagini (Acari: Echymiopodidae) extracts from optimized mite cultures


G. Cardona1, J. Guisantes1, I. Postigo1, E. Eraso1, L. A. Serna3, J. Martínez1,2

1. Department of Immunology, Microbiology and Parasitology. Faculty of Pharmacy
University of the Basque Country. Spain
2. Sweden Diagnostics (Spain), S.L. Ctra Rubí, Barcelona. Spain
3. Allergy Unit. Center for Specialists Risaralda. Pereira. Colombia

J Invest Allergol Clin Immunol 2005; Vol. 15(4): 259-265



: At present, data about the cross-reactivity of Blomia spp. comes from studies made among different genera of mites, and no results have been published involving different species of the genus Blomia.

Objective: The aim of this study was to find out the level of cross-reactivity between the two main species of Blomia causing allergy, and its implication in the diagnosis of Blomia sensitization.

Methods: Using extracts from optimal growth phases of Blomia kulagini (Zakhvatkin, 1936) and Blomia tropicalis (van Bronswijk, Cock and Oshima, 1973) as allergenic material, the allergenic cross-reactivity between both house dust mites was evaluated by means of cutaneous tests, specific IgE values, ImmunoCAP-inhibition and SDS-PAGE- IgE-immunoblotting-inhibition.

Results: The results demonstrated that IgE-binding components belonging to both species are very similar from the immunological point of view, showing high correlations between both species when using cutaneous tests (R2=0.915) or specific IgE (R2=0.980). ImmunoCAP-inhibition and SDS-PAGE-IgE-Immunoblotting-inhibition probed with human sera, showed a total inhibition of specific IgE reactions by the heterologous antigens.

Conclusion: The results obtained strongly suggest the great resemblance between the allergenic composition of both species.

Key words: Blomia tropicalis, Blomia kulagini, mite allergens, cross-reactivity.