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Case Report


Severe Immediate Reaction to Nabumetone


MA Gonzalo-Garijo, C Cordobés-Durán, AM Lamilla-Yerga, I Moreno-Gastón

Department of Allergology, Infanta Cristina University Hospital, Badajoz, Spain

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2007; Vol. 17(4): 274-276




Nabumetone is a nonsteroidal antiinflammatory (NSAID) prodrug that inhibits cyclooxygenase-2. It has been recommended as a safe alternative in most patients with hypersensitivity reactions to NSAIDs. Systemic reactions caused by nabumetone are not frequent. We report 2 cases of immediate systemic reactions due to nabumetone.
The first case involved a 68-year-old woman who developed immediate generalized pruritus, erythema, morbilliform eruption, swollen tongue sensation, diarrhea, and hypotension after the ingestion of a single dose of nabumetone. In the second case, a 77-year-old woman developed generalized pruritus, palm erythema, colic abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, tightness of the chest, dyspnea, and hypotension
immediately after oral intake of nabumetone. Both patients had previously tolerated this drug. Since these episodes, they have avoided nabumetone. Skin prick tests with nabumetone (10 and 100 mg/mL) were negative. Oral challenge tests with other NSAIDs, even of the same group as nabumetone, were negative in both patients. The mechanisms responsible for the reaction were not established.

Key words: Drug allergy. Hypersensitivity. Immediate reaction. Nabumetone. Nonsteroidal antiinfl mmatory drugs. Systemic reaction.