Return to Contents in this Issue



Consensus Document on Allergic Conjunctivitis (DECA)


Sánchez-Hernández MC1, Montero J2,3*, Rondon C4, Benítez del Castillo JM5*, Velázquez E6,7, Herreras JM8*, Fernández-Parra B9, Merayo-Lloves J10*, Del Cuvillo A11, Vega F12, Valero A13, Panizo C14, Montoro J15, Matheu V16, Lluch-Bernal M17,18, González ML19, González R16, Dordal MT20,21, Dávila I22, Colás C23, Campo P4, Antón E24, Navarro A25 (SEAIC 2010 Rhinoconjunctivitis
Committee). * (Spanish Group Ocular Surface-GESOC)

1UGC Pneumology and Allergy, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Huelva, Huelva, Spain
2Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Virgen Macarena, Sevilla, Spain
3Centro CARTUJA-VISIO, Sevilla, Spain
4UGC Allergy, IBIMA-Hospital Regional, UMA, Málaga, Spain
5Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
6QUIRON Sagrado Corazón, Sevilla, Spain
7Hospital Victoria Eugenia Cruz Roja, Sevilla, Spain
8Department of Ophthalmology, HCUV, Valladolid, Spain
9Department of Allergology, Hospital El Bierzo, Ponferrada, León, Spain
10Instituto Oftalmológico Fernández-Vega, University of Oviedo, Oviedo, Spain
11Asthma and Rhinitis Unit, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Hospital de Jerez, Cádiz, Spain.
12Department of Allergology, Hospital de la Princesa, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Princesa (IP), Madrid, Spain.
13Department of Pneumology and Allergy, Hospital Clínic i Universitari, Institut d´Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERES, Barcelona, Spain.
14Department of Allergology, Hospital Nuestra Señora del Prado, Toledo, Spain
15Allergy Unit, Hospital Universitario Arnau de Vilanova, Facultad de Medicina Universidad Católica de Valencia “San Vicente Mártir”, Valencia, Spain
16Department of Allergology, Hospital del Tórax-Ofra, HUNS La Candelaria, Tenerife, Spain
17Department of Allergology, Hospital La Paz, Madrid, Spain
18Department of Allergology, Hospital Virgen del Valle, Toledo, Spain
19Department of Allergology, Hospital Clínico San Carlos, Madrid, Spain
20Department of Allergology, Hospital Municipal de Badalona, Badalona, Spain
21Department of Allergology, Sant Pere Claver Fundació Sanitària, Barcelona, Spain
22Department of Allergology, Hospital Universitario, IBSAL, Salamanca, Spain
23Department of Allergology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Zaragoza, Spain
24Department of Allergology, Hospital Universitario Marqués de Valdecilla, Santander, Spain
25UGC of Allergology Sevilla, Hospital El Tomillar, Sevilla, Spain

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2015; Vol. 25(2): 94-106



Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) is an inflammatory disease of the conjunctiva caused mainly by an IgE-mediated mechanism. It is the most common type of ocular allergy. Despite being the most benign form of conjunctivitis, AC has a considerable effect on patient quality of life, reduces work productivity, and increases health care costs. No consensus has been reached on its classification, diagnosis, or treatment. Consequently, the literature provides little information on its natural history, epidemiological data are scarce, and it is often difficult to ascertain its true morbidity. The main objective of the Consensus Document on Allergic Conjunctivitis (Documento dE Consenso sobre Conjuntivitis Alérgica [DECA]), which was drafted by an expert panel from the Spanish Society of Allergology and Spanish Society of Ophthalmology, was to reach agreement on basic criteria that could prove useful for both specialists and primary care physicians and facilitate the diagnosis, classification, and treatment of AC. This document is the first of its kind to describe and analyze aspects of AC that could make it possible to control symptoms.

Key words: Allergic conjunctivitis. Ocular allergy classification. Allergic conjunctivitis diagnosis. Allergic conjunctivitis treatment. Allergic disease control.