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Impact Of “eHealth” in Allergic Diseases and Allergic Patients

Alvarez-Perea A1,2, Sánchez-García S3,4, Muñoz Cano R4,5,6, Antolín-Amérigo D7,8, Tsilochristou O9, Stukus DR10

1Allergy Service, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón, Madrid, Spain
2Gregorio Marañón Health Research Institute, Madrid, Spain
3Allergy Unit, Hospital Infantil Universitario Niño Jesús, Madrid, Spain
4Spanish Research Network on Allergy (ARADyAL: Red Nacional de Alergia-Asma, Reacciones Adversas y Alérgicas-) of the Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain
5Allergy Section, Pneumology Department, Hospital Clinic, University of Barcelona. Barcelona, Spain
6Inmunoalergia Respiratoria Clinica y Experimental (IRCE), Institut d'Investigacions Biomediques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Spain
7Allergy Department, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain
8IRYCIS, Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria, Madrid, Spain
9Peter Gorer Department of Immunobiology, School of Immunology & Microbial Sciences, King’s College London, London, United Kingdom
10Nationwide Children’s Hospital and The Ohio State University College of Medicine, Columbus, Ohio, USA

J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol 2019; Vol 29(2) : 94-102
doi: 10.18176/jiaci.0354

The emergence of new technology enables allergists and patients to compile data and receive feedback regarding key symptoms, risk behavior, and/or management. The term “eHealth” refers to a diverse group of tools that use computerized technologies to improve both the efficacy and the efficiency of the health care industry.
eHealth comprises a variety of technologies, as follows: mobile devices (mHealth) in medical care, including electronic diaries, wearable sensors, and adherence monitoring; health informatics (eg, electronic health records, computerized physician order entry, clinical decision support); telemedicine, which is the use of information and communication technologies for the management of diseases and medical education; social media platforms, and the analysis of information acquired through these platforms using “big data” technologies.
In this review, we summarize the latest findings on the use of eHealth technology and the relevance of eHealth to allergic conditions.

Key words: Big data, eHealth, mHealth, Social media, Telemedicine